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740 respondents living inside or near Snowdonia National Park expressed their views on the social impacts of the National Park, the impact of COVID-19 on everyday life and  potential options for managing the National Park during the pandemic.

Report available in Welsh: 

Report available in English: 






Recent publications and reports

Nikoleta Jones, James McGinlay, Angela Jones et al. (2021) COVID-19 and protected areas: Impacts, conflicts and possible management solutions, Conservation Letters, e12800


Vassilis Gkoumas, James McGinlay, Andreas Kontoleon, Nikoleta Jones (2021) National Park of East Macedonia and Thrace, Greece: Exploring local perceptions of the National Park and its social impacts. Fidelio report no. 4  


James McGinlay, Vassilis Gkoumas, Jens Holtvoeth et al. (2020) The Impact of COVID-19 on the management of European Protected Areas and Policy Implications, Forests, 11 (11) 1214


Jens Holtvoeth, Nikoleta Jones (2020) Eifel National Park: Exploring views of local residents on the National Park and the impact of COVID-19. Fidelio report no. 3


Jones N., Graziano M., Dimitrakopoulos P.G. (2020) Social impacts of European Protected Areas and policy recommendations. Environmental Science and Policy, 112, 134-140


Jones N., Malesios C., Kantargis A., Dimitrakopoulos P.G. (2020) The role of location and social impacts of Protected Areas on subjective wellbeing. Environmental Research Letters, In press


Jones N., McGinlay J. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 restrictions on local communities of Peak District National Park and management options during the pandemic. Fidelio Report no. 2






Latest news

Our new paper on Social impacts, protected areas and COVID-19 is now available!

11 April 2021

Our new paper is now available! We explore how COVID-19 has changed the way Protected Areas impact local communities. We analyse over 700 structured questionnaires which were distributed in Snowdonia National Park (Wales) during the first lockdown (March 2020). Our research shows that lower visitor numbers during lockdown...

New report: National Park of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace

3 April 2021

Vassilis Gkoumas has led a new report exploring local perceptions of the National Park of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace and its impacts. You can read the full report here:

New York Times article on European national parks

3 April 2021

A new article in New York Times discusses the increase of visitors in European national parks since the start of the pandemic. The FIDELIO research team contributes in this article sharing their research findings and highligting both challenges and opportunities as a result of the pandemic. You can read the full article...